Gynecological cancer refers to any cancer that arises in a woman’s reproductive system, which includes the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, and vulva. There are several types of gynecological cancers, and each type can have different causes, risk factors, symptoms, and prevention strategies. When it comes to gynecological cancer treatment, a range of options, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormone therapy, are available to effectively combat the disease and improve patient outcomes.
The exact cause of gynaecological cancer is not fully understood, but certain factors may increase a woman’s risk of developing these cancers. These factors include
Exposure to certain chemicals or substances
Some of the risk factors for gynaecological cancer include
Family history of cancer
Personal history of cancer
Exposure to human papillomavirus (HPV)
Certain medical conditions, such as Endometriosis.
The symptoms of gynaecological cancer can vary depending on the type and stage of cancer. Some common symptoms include
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Pelvic pain or pressure
Changes in bowel or bladder habits.
Some ways to reduce the risk of gynaecological cancer include
Getting regular gynaecological exams
Practicing safe sex to reduce the risk of HPV infection
Getting the HPV vaccine
Maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking.
It’s important to see a doctor if you experience any of the symptoms associated with gynecological cancer. Additionally, women should receive regular gynecological exams to screen for these types of cancers. Women who have a family history of gynecological cancer or other risk factors may need to begin screening at an earlier age.
Overall, early detection and treatment of gynecological cancer can improve the chances of survival and recovery. Women should speak with their healthcare providers about their individual risk factors and screening recommendations.
Care My Cancer is an initiative by Dr Kamlesh Verma who is Director Surgical Oncology at Globe Healthcare and was formerly associated with the prestigious Tata Memorial Hospital Mumbai.
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