Dr Kamlesh Verma - The Best Cancer Specialist in Lucknow

Gynaecological Cancer

What is Gynaecological Cancer?

Gynecological cancer refers to any cancer that arises in a woman’s reproductive system, which includes the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, and vulva. There are several types of gynecological cancers, and each type can have different causes, risk factors, symptoms, and prevention strategies. When it comes to gynecological cancer treatment, a range of options, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormone therapy, are available to effectively combat the disease and improve patient outcomes.

Causes of Gynaecological Cancer

The exact cause of gynaecological cancer is not fully understood, but certain factors may increase a woman’s risk of developing these cancers. These factors include

Genetic mutations

Exposure to certain chemicals or substances

Chronic inflammation.

Risk Factors of Gynaecological Cancer

Some of the risk factors for gynaecological cancer include


Family history of cancer

Personal history of cancer

Exposure to human papillomavirus (HPV)



Certain medical conditions, such as Endometriosis.

Symptoms of Gynaecological Cancer

The symptoms of gynaecological cancer can vary depending on the type and stage of cancer. Some common symptoms include

Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Pelvic pain or pressure

Vaginal discharge

Abdominal bloating

Changes in bowel or bladder habits.

Prevention of Gynaecological Cancer

Some ways to reduce the risk of gynaecological cancer include

Getting regular gynaecological exams

Practicing safe sex to reduce the risk of HPV infection

Getting the HPV vaccine

Maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking.


It’s important to see a doctor if you experience any of the symptoms associated with gynecological cancer. Additionally, women should receive regular gynecological exams to screen for these types of cancers. Women who have a family history of gynecological cancer or other risk factors may need to begin screening at an earlier age.

Overall, early detection and treatment of gynecological cancer can improve the chances of survival and recovery. Women should speak with their healthcare providers about their individual risk factors and screening recommendations.

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