Urology cancer refers to cancers that affect the urinary system, including the bladder, kidneys, prostate, and testicles. Here is a detailed explanation of the causes, risk factors, symptoms, prevention, and when to visit a doctor for urologic cancer.
The exact cause of urologic cancer is unknown. However, the following factors are known to increase the risk of developing the condition:
Age: The risk of developing urologic cancer increases with age.
Family History: A family history of urologic cancer increases the risk of developing the condition.
Exposure to Carcinogens: Exposure to certain chemicals, such as pesticides, herbicides, and industrial chemicals, can increase the risk of developing urologic cancer.
Smoking: Smoking is a significant risk factor for bladder and kidney cancer.
Obesity: Obesity increases the risk of developing urologic cancer.
The following factors increase the risk of developing urologic cancer:
Family history of urologic cancer
Exposure to carcinogens
Gender (men are more likely to develop urologic cancer than women)
The symptoms of urologic cancer depend on the type of cancer and the stage of the disease. The following are some common symptoms:
Blood in urine
Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area
Pain or discomfort while urinating
Swelling in the legs
The following measures can reduce the risk of developing urologic cancer:
Maintain a healthy weight
Drink plenty of water
Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables
Avoid exposure to carcinogens
Get screened regularly if you are at high risk of developing urologic cancer
If you experience any of the symptoms of urologic cancer, you should see a doctor immediately. Additionally, if you have a family history of urologic cancer or are at high risk of developing the condition, you should talk to your doctor about screening options. Early detection and treatment can significantly improve the prognosis for urologic cancer.
Care My Cancer is an initiative by Dr Kamlesh Verma who is Director Surgical Oncology at Globe Healthcare and was formerly associated with the prestigious Tata Memorial Hospital Mumbai.
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